The state Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP) is a federally funded program administered by the states that provides health coverage for American children in working families. States design their own CHIP programs and determine policies and eligibility requirements within broad federal guidelines. In 2009, CHIP provided health coverage for 7.4 million children.
Medicaid and CHIP work together to provide health coverage for children in low- and middle-income families. Still, many children do not have health coverage. Currently, just under 8 million American children are uninsured. (Medicaid and CHIP go by different names in different states. Click here for a list of program names.)
This section of our Web site offers up-to-date information on children’s health coverage, including implementation of CHIPRA and the Affordable Care Act.
From Families USA:
A Nation in Need of Dental Care is a fact sheet about how limited access to dental care in the United States has an effect on overall health, productivity, and financial security. (May 2012)
2012 Federal Poverty Guidelines are now available from HHS, and Families USA has calculated the figures for various household sizes by percentage of the federal poverty level.
From the National Health Law Program:
Top Ways Health Reform Helps provides the top five ways the Affordable Care Act helps the following groups: Medicaid beneficiaries, older adults and people with disabilities, women, and children and young adults. It also explains how the health care law addresses disparities and helps people get coverage. The lists are divided into provisions that are already in effect and those that are coming soon. (March 2012)
From the Pew Center on the States:
A Costly Dental Destination: Hospital Care Means States Pay Dearly describes the prevalence of emergency room visits among low-income children for preventable dental conditions. The emergency room may be a child’s only source of dental care because low-income families often struggle to find a dentist who practices in their area or who accepts Medicaid. (February 2012)
From the Urban Institute:
Federal Health Expenditures on Children on the Eve of Health Reform: A Benchmark for the Future discusses the key issues that will likely affect federal spending on children’s health in light of the ongoing implementation of the Affordable Care Act. (March 2012)
Louisiana Breaks New Ground: The Nation’s First Use of Automatic Enrollment through Express Lane Eligibility explains that, by using existing state data about family incomes to automatically enroll children in Medicaid, Louisiana has increased coverage for children and generated administrative savings of between $8 and $12 million in the first year alone. (February 2012)